Jade Plant (Crassula Ovata): Care and 5 Easy Steps to Propagation

Crassula ovata, also known as the Jade Plant or Money Tree, is a popular succulent with round, fleshy, green leaves that resemble coins. The leaves may also have a reddish tint on the edges if exposed to enough sunlight. The plant can grow up to three feet tall, with a trunk-like stem and branches that can spread out horizontally. Jade plants can produce small white or pink star-shaped flowers in the winter if given enough light.

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Jade plant

Native Habitat

Crassula ovata is native to South Africa and Mozambique, where it grows in rocky areas and scrubland. It has adapted to survive in arid conditions, so it is drought-tolerant and prefers well-draining soil.

How to Water & Fertilize – How Can You Tell When it Needs Water?

Jade plants do not like to be overwatered and can easily suffer from root rot. Watering should only be done when the soil is completely dry. To check if it needs water, stick your finger about an inch into the soil. If it feels dry, it’s time to water. Also, make sure that the plant itself is showing signs of water and not just the soil. You’re nourishing the plant, remember!  During the growing season (spring and summer), Jade Plants should be fertilized every two to three weeks with a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength.

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Jade plants prefer well-draining soil that is slightly acidic with a pH of 6.0 to 6.5. A good soil mix for jade plants should contain amendments such as Turface, pumice, perlite, and coarse sand to improve drainage. It is also beneficial to use terracotta pots, which are porous and allow for better air circulation and drainage.


Jade plants require bright, indirect light for at least four hours a day to maintain their compact shape and prevent stretching. Too much direct sunlight can cause sunburn and damage the leaves. A south-facing window is ideal for jade plants.

Hardiness Zone & Temperature

Jade plants are hardy in USDA zones 10 to 11, but can also be grown as indoor plants in other zones. They prefer temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit at night.

Common Pests, Problems & Solutions

Jade plants are susceptible to mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects. To prevent and treat pest infestations, wipe down the leaves with a damp cloth or spray with neem oil. Overwatering can cause root rot, while underwatering can cause the leaves to shrivel and drop. To solve these problems, adjust the watering schedule accordingly.

Is it Poisonous or Toxic?

Crassula ovata is mildly toxic to humans and pets if ingested. Symptoms include vomiting and diarrhea. Keep the plant out of reach of children and pets, and wash your hands thoroughly after handling it to avoid any potential skin irritation.

Additional Facts

Crassula ovata is also known as the “money tree” or “jade tree” and is a popular houseplant due to its easy care and long lifespan. In the wild, it can grow up to 10 feet tall and produces pink or white flowers in the winter. The leaves of the plant are symbolic in many cultures and are believed to bring good luck and prosperity.

It is believed to purify the air and remove toxins such as benzene, formaldehyde, and toluene.

5 steps to propagating jade plant jade plant,jade plant care

How to Propagate Jade Plants

Propagating Jade Plants is relatively easy and can be done through stem or leaf cuttings. To propagate from a stem cutting, cut a healthy stem just above a leaf node and allow it to dry for a few days. Then, plant it in well-draining soil and keep it slightly moist until roots develop. To propagate from a leaf cutting, remove a leaf from the plant and let it dry for a few days. Then, place it on well-draining soil and keep it slightly moist until it develops roots.

Step-by-Step Jade Propagation Guide

There are a few different methods for propagating jade plant, but we’ll focus on the most common one: stem cuttings. Here’s how to do it:

    1. Use a clean, sharp knife or scissors to take a stem cutting from an established jade plant.
    2. Remove the lower leaves from the stem cutting, leaving only a few at the top.
    3. Place the stem cutting in a well-draining soil mix and water it lightly.
    4. Keep the soil moist and place the stem cutting in a sunny spot.
    5. After a few weeks, you should see new growth appearing on the stem cutting. At this point, you can treat it like a regular jade plant and care for it as such.

Additional Tips for Caring for Your Jade Plant

-Jade plants are drought-tolerant, so be careful not to over-water them.

-They can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, but it’s best to keep them away from drafts and extreme heat.

-Jade can grow quite large, so be sure to repot them into a larger container as needed.

Conclusion on Jade Plant Care:

In conclusion, the jade plant (Crassula ovata) is a popular succulent that is relatively easy to care for and adds a touch of greenery to any space. It is important to provide it with plenty of sunlight, well-draining soil, and infrequent watering. It is also important to regularly remove any dead or yellowing leaves to encourage healthy growth. The jade can be propagated through stem cuttings or leaf cuttings, and it is also a popular plant to gift or exchange. With proper care, jade can live for many years and bring joy to any plant enthusiast.

Jade plant crassula ovata


    1. The importance of proper watering techniques: Overwatering is one of the main causes of death for jade plants, so it is crucial to let the soil dry out completely before watering again.

    1. Fertilizing recommendations: While jade plants do not require frequent fertilization, a balanced fertilizing regimen can help them thrive. It is recommended to fertilize every 2-3 months during the growing season with a balanced fertilizer.

    1. Propagating jade plants: Jade plants can be easily propagated through stem cuttings or leaf cuttings. This is a great way to grow new plants and add to your collection.

    1. Common problems and solutions: Some common problems that jade plants may encounter include yellowing leaves, brown edges, and a lack of growth. These issues can often be resolved by adjusting watering habits, increasing sunlight exposure, or fertilizing.

    1. Overall, jade plants are a low-maintenance and attractive addition to any indoor space. With proper care, they can thrive and bring life to your home for years to come.

Try growing jade (crassula ovata) on your own and show off some of your succulents on social media. There are plenty of other succulent enthusiasts who would love to share in this beautiful hobby with you.

I wish you happy planting ahead!

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Crassula Succulents: The Ultimate Guide

Succulents are a popular choice for indoor and outdoor gardening, due to their minimal care requirements and unique appearance. One of the most diverse and popular types of succulents is the crassula.

Crassula, also known as Jade Plants, are a type of succulent that is native to South Africa. They have been formally described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 with 10 species. The name crassula comes from the Latin adjective “crassus”, meaning thick, referring to the thickening of the succulent leaves.

Crassula are popular for their great diversity of forms and colors. They are a truly no-fuss plant, and can grow well indoors and require minimal water. They are a fantastic choice for beginning succulent growers and anyone who wants to grow succulents indoors.


Physical Characteristics

Crassula come in a variety of shapes and sizes. The two main forms are the shrubby Jades with round, glossy leaves and the long-stemmed, trailing varieties with thin, symmetrically stacked leaves. Potted and pruned, Crassula can stay under 3 inches, but outdoors, Jade Plants can grow into large shrubs up to 6 feet tall.

Crassula also come in many shades of green, some with color accents on their leaf tips. Red, orange, and yellow accents can flush brighter with periods of stress from direct sun, cold temperatures, or restricted water.

The foliage of crassula is also diverse, with a variety of fleshy leaf shapes, including those resembling paddles, pagodas, straws, and propellers.

Crassula also have small, white to pink bloom clusters that are generally considered unremarkable. Some “stacked” Crassula species are monocarpic and will only bloom at the end of their lives after many years of growth.

Environmental Preferences

Crassula prefer indirect sunlight, which can be found in most rooms. However, if you have colorful varieties, they need to be near a sunny window or under a grow light to show vibrant red and yellow pigments. For outdoor plantings, pick partial sun locations with shade protection on hot afternoons.

Crassula also need well-draining soil like a cactus/succulent potting mix. To make your own, mix 1 part potting soil, 1 part perlite, and 1 part coarse sand. Fertilizer is not required, but 2-3 applications of balanced fertilizer in the spring and summer can encourage growth.

Crassula require minimal water, only water when soil is fully dry, then drench thoroughly. Depending on soil type, container size, and climate, watering frequency can vary from 2-8 times a month.

Most Crassula only tolerate a brief, light frost; outdoor planting is restricted to zones 9 and 10.

Types of Crassula Succulents

There are many different types of crassula succulents, including common and less common varieties.

Common Types

  • Crassula ovata (Jade Plant)

  • Crassula arborescens (Silver Dollar Plant)

  • Crassula tetragona (Mini Pine Tree)

Less Common Types

  • Crassula rupestris (String of Buttons)

  • Crassula perforata (String of Nickels)

  • Crassula falcata (Propeller Plant)

Care and Maintenance


Crassula are easy to propagate through leaf and stem cuttings, as well as offsets and division. Simply take a cutting from the stem or remove offsets from the base of the plant, let dry for a few days, and plant in well-draining soil.


Repotting should be done when the plant has outgrown its current container or when the soil has broken down and is no longer providing proper drainage. Gently remove the plant from its current container and loosen any tangled roots. Use a well-draining potting mix, such as cactus/succulent mix, and plant the crassula at the same level it was previously planted. Water thoroughly after repotting.

Pest and Disease Control

Common pests that can affect crassula plants include mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects. Regularly inspecting the plant for pests and treating them immediately with an appropriate pesticide can prevent infestations. Avoid over-watering and providing proper drainage can also prevent issues with pests and diseases.


Crassula succulents are a versatile and easy-to-care-for addition to any collection. With a wide variety of forms and colors, they can be used in a variety of ways, such as indoor bonsai plants or outdoor landscaping plants.

Crassula plants are very forgiving growers, but they will rot if left in standing water. Always err on the side of heavier and less frequent watering and enjoy watching the plants shrink as they dry and swell when re-hydrated.

Remember to provide proper light, well-draining soil, and minimal watering. Regular inspection and treatment for pests can also help ensure healthy growth.

Quick FAQ on Propagating Jade Plant

Q: How do I propagate a jade plant?

A: To propagate a jade plant, take a stem cutting that includes a leaf and a small section of stem. Allow the cutting to callus over for a few days before planting it in well-draining soil. Keep the cutting in a warm, bright location and keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged.


Q: How long does it take for a jade plant cutting to root?

A: It can take anywhere from several weeks to several months for a jade plant cutting to root, depending on the conditions in which it is kept.


Q: Can jade plants be propagated from leaves?

A: Yes, jade plants can be propagated from leaves, although stem cuttings are more common. To propagate from a leaf, remove a healthy leaf from the plant and allow it to callus over for a few days before planting it in well-draining soil.


Q: What is the best time of year to propagate a jade plant?

A: Spring or summer is the best time of year to propagate a jade plant, as the plant is actively growing during these months and is more likely to root and establish itself quickly.


Q: Do I need to mist my jade plant cutting?

A: No, you don’t need to mist your jade plant cutting, but it is important to keep the soil consistently moist to encourage root growth. You shouldn’t ever really mist your succulents anyways.


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