Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’: A Comprehensive Care Guide

Euphorbia alluaudii, also known as the Madagascan fire plant or Alluaud’s spurge, is a unique and eye-catching succulent that is native to Madagascan scrubland and dry deciduous forests. These plants are known for their bright green, thin, cylindrical foliage and vibrant red flowers that bloom in the summer months. Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’ is drought-tolerant and low-maintenance, making them a popular choice for succulent enthusiasts.

You might like:  Echeveria desmetiana: A Comprehensive Guide to This Classic Beauty

Handle With Caution!

It is important to note that Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’, like all plants in the Euphorbia family, contains a white, milky sap that can be toxic if ingested and can irritate the skin and eyes. Handle Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’ with caution and to keep them out of reach of children and pets. It is also recommended to wear gloves and wash your hands thoroughly after handling the plant or pruning it.

Euphorbia alluaudii

Light Requirements of Euphorbia Alluaudii

Euphorbia alluaudii plants prefer bright, indirect light and can tolerate full sun exposure. However, they should be protected from intense, direct sunlight, which can scorch the leaves and cause them to turn yellow. If your Euphorbia alluaudii is not getting enough light, it may become leggy and lose its compact shape. On the other hand, if it is getting too much light, the leaves may become yellow or brown.

Euphorbia alluaudi divider euphorbia alluaudii

Watering Needs

These plants are drought-tolerant and do not require frequent watering. Water your Euphorbia alluaudii only when the soil is dry to the touch, and then water deeply to soak the soil. Avoid letting the plant sit in standing water, as this can lead to root rot. In general, it is better to underwater these plants than to overwater them.

Euphorbia alluaudi divider 1 euphorbia alluaudii

Soil and Fertilization

Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’ prefer well-draining soil mix, such as a cactus and succulent soil mix or a mixture of equal parts potting soil, perlite, and sand. These plants do not require fertilization, but if you choose to fertilize, use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer at half strength once a month during the growing season.

Euphorbia alluaudi divider 2 euphorbia alluaudii

Pruning and Propagation Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’

Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’ can grow quite tall and may need to be pruned to keep them at a desired size. To prune, use clean, sharp scissors to cut off any leggy or overgrown stems. These plants can be propagated through stem cuttings. To propagate your Madagascan fire plant, follow these steps:

  1. Fill a small pot with well-draining soil mix.
  2. Take a stem cutting from a healthy Euphorbia alluaudii plant using clean, sharp scissors. The cutting should be about 4 inches long and have at least two pairs of leaves.
  3. Remove the bottom pair of leaves from the cutting to expose the stem.
  4. Dip the cut end of the stem into rooting hormone powder (optional).
  5. Plant the cutting in the soil mix, making sure that the leaves are above the soil line.
  6. Water the cutting lightly and place it in a warm, bright location out of direct sunlight.
  7. Keep the soil moist but not soggy, and mist the cutting with water regularly to increase humidity.
  8. After about 4-6 weeks, the cutting should have rooted and be ready to be transplanted into a larger pot.
Euphorbia alluaudi divider 3 euphorbia alluaudii

Common Problems with Euphorbia Alluaudii

While Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’ is generally easy to care for, they may occasionally encounter some common problems. Here are some tips for addressing some of these issues:

  • Yellowing or browning leaves: This can be caused by too much or too little light, or by over- or under-watering. Adjust your watering and lighting as needed and make sure the soil is well-draining.
  • Stunted growth: This can be caused by insufficient light, over-watering, or a nutrient deficiency. Make sure the plant is getting enough light and water only when the soil is dry. If the problem persists, you may need to fertilize the plant with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer.
  • Pests: Euphorbia alluaudii plants may occasionally be infested with common succulent pests such as mealybugs, aphids, and scale insects. To control these pests, you can use a mixture of water and mild dish soap or a commercial insecticide designed for use on succulents.


Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’ is a beautiful and low-maintenance succulent that is well-suited to a variety of indoor and outdoor settings. With proper care, these plants can thrive and add a touch of color and whimsy to your home or garden. Follow the tips outlined above to ensure that your Euphorbia alluaudii ‘Madagascan Fire Plant’ stays healthy and happy for years to come.

Euphorbia alluaudi divider 4 euphorbia alluaudii
Learn how to propagate succulents and share them with your friends
Learn how to propagate succulents and share them with your friends

Where to Buy Succulents Online

I receive a small commission when you purchase anything through my links. 

Leaf and Clay


Succulents Box


Rojas Succulents

Collecting succulents is not an addiction. It's a healthy interest

Euphorbia Succulents: The Fierce and Exotic Addition to Your Collection

Euphorbia, also known as spurges, are a diverse group of plants that are known for their exotic and fierce appearance. These succulents are easy to grow and make quite a statement when potted solo or in arrangements. However, it is important to handle Euphorbia with caution as they contain a caustic white sap that can cause skin irritation.

Types of Euphorbia Succulents

There are many types of Euphorbia succulents, each with their own unique characteristics. Some popular species include:

  • Euphorbia trigona
  • Euphorbia milii
  • Euphorbia lactea
  • Euphorbia ingens
  • Euphorbia tirucalli

Care and Cultivation

When it comes to caring for Euphorbia succulents, it is important to provide them with bright direct sunlight and well-draining soil. These plants prefer a gritty, well-draining mix like a cactus and succulent soil. Watering should be done deeply enough for water to run out the container’s drainage hole, and the soil should be allowed to completely dry before watering again. Euphorbia are not frost-hardy and should be brought indoors to a sunny windowsill if there is a chance of frost.

Propagation and Pests/Diseases

Euphorbia succulents can be propagated through offsets, stem cuttings, or seed. It’s important to use gloves and eye protection when handling the cuttings to avoid contact with the sap. As for pests and diseases, common issues include mealybugs and spider mites. Regular inspection and prompt treatment can prevent these problems.


Euphorbia succulents come in a variety of forms, including thick, water-storing trunks, pencil-thin stems that stand up or sprawl, and large, intimidating thorns. The flowers of Euphorbia are unique from the rest of the plant kingdom, with a structure that resembles a flower but is actually a “cyathium” or cluster of simplified male flowers and one larger female flower. Below the flowers are colorful pairs of cyathophylls that look like petals but are more like leaves.

In conclusion, Euphorbia succulents are a great addition to any collection for their fierce and exotic appearance. With proper care and cultivation, these plants can thrive and add unique beauty to any garden or indoor space. Remember to handle with caution due to the toxic milky sap and thorns, and research specific species to understand its needs.


Links on this page may be affiliate links which means I earn a commission any time you make a purchase through my links.

fucculent succulent gift
Who would you gift this to?

Most Popular

Does my succulent have a death bloom?
If you have pets or children, this is a must read.
Propagate succulents with 4 different techniques
Give your succulents the right amount of light.
Everything you wanted to know about watering succulents.
Repotting succulents and what you need to know about transplant shock.
All you need to know about succulent soil and recipes to keep your plants healthy.