Aeonium Care Guide & Identification
Browse through these Aeonium succulent identification cards and click on the picture for more detailed information on how to care for each specific species.
Pin this for later Aeonium ‘Sunburst’ Care Guide Growing Season: Winter Dormant Season: Summer Hardyhardy Able to withstand most climatic conditions all year without protection, often qualified with a minimum temperature to USDA Zone: 10a Size: Up to 24″ tall Foliage:
Aeonium haworthii ‘Kiwi’ is a monocarpicmonocarpic A succulent that dies after one bloom. Examples are Sempervivum and Agave species. succulent and the rosette will die after it blooms. Not to worry, though, it usually produces lots of offsets before it blooms.
Aeonium General Care Guide
Aeonium succulent species are native to sub-tropic areas like the Canary Islands and Morocco. Thus, they are not cold hardy. They also don’t tolerate extreme heat well. If you live in a mild climate, these succulents are great for you! Elsewhere, you’re going to want to bring yours indoors during extreme cold or hot weather.
Indoors, Aeonium succulents will need as much light as possible near a sunny window or under a supplemental grow light to maintain their compact rosette at the ends of their branches. They don’t tolerate freezing temperatures, so you’ll need to bring them indoors in the winter if you live below zone 10.
Aeonium succulents are adapted to mild climates near the coast and can handle more frequent watering during their winter growing season. In the summer months, these succulents go dormant and don’t require the standard “Drench & Dry” method of watering at that time. Just water them enough so that their roots don’t completely dry out. See my guide to watering succulents here.
Fertilize Aeonium succulents only during the growing season with a balancedbalanced referring to the nutrient content or NPK numbers. An example of balanced fertilizer has 15-15-15 on the label. fertilizer or one that has little nitrogen content. Dilute the fertilizer to at least half strength because they are susceptible to fertilizer burn. See my guide to fertilizing succulents here.
Aeonium, like most other succulents,need quickly draining soil with lots of inorganicinorganic not consisting of or deriving from living matter amendmentamendment Material added to a soil to improve its physical properties which create a healthier environment for the roots. Their natural habitathabitat The natural home of a plant. is on rocky, coastal cliffs so keep that in mind when mixing your soil. See my guide to succulent soil here.
Propagatepropagate breed specimens of a plant by natural processes from the parent stock like taking stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or seeds your Aeonium only during the winter growing season. Take stem cuttings when the weather has cooled down and they have come out of their summer dormancydormancy A temporary cessation of a plant's active growth and a slowing-down of its other functions, usually in winter, in drought or in extreme heat or cold. Some succulents can produce flowers when otherwise dormant.. These succulents can grow very tall, so beheading them and taking cuttings can keep them short, but full. See my guide to propagating succulents here.
Aeonium species are native to coastal, island cliffsides and have adapted to the bright sunshine. They need bright natural light, if possible. Otherwise, make sure to have a supplemental grow light indoors. See my succulent light guide here.
Aeonium flowers mean that plant has reached the end of its life as they are monocarpic succulents. Their blooms are tall and showy and attract pollinators. Cut the bloom off after it is spent or leave it on and wait for more branches to form on their own. See more monocarpic succulents here.
Aeonium succulents are rosette shaped and take on a wide variety of colors and textures. Many species tend to branch and create aesthetically pleasing shrubs if left alone. The leaves have uneven, serrated margins.
Aeoniums tend to develop aerial rootsaerial root Root arising above the ground from their stems for stability as their underground root systems are relatively small and shallow compared to their size.
The name Aeonium comes from the ancient Greek word “aionos” meaning ageless.
Aeonium succulents are prone to mealy bugs, aphids and spider mites. Mealy bugs are the most common pest though.
Aeonium go dormant in the summer, so they may drop leaves. That is totally normal.
They are also prone to bruising from being bumped or handled. These marks can’t be removed, and will just have to grow out with time.
Aeonium are not known to be toxic or poisonous.
Aeonium actively grow in the cooler months from Fall to Spring. They are dormant in the summer. Learn more about dormancy in succulents here.
Aeonium are NOT cold hardy as they originate from the subtropical Canary Islands and Morocco which have a hot summer and warm winters.