Sempervivum Care Guide & Identification Cards
Sempervivum are a genusgenus a principal taxonomic category that ranks above species and below family, and is denoted by a capitalized Latin name of cold hardyhardy Able to withstand most climatic conditions all year without protection, often qualified with a minimum temperature, rosette-shaped, monocarpicmonocarpic A succulent that dies after one bloom. Examples are Sempervivum and Agave species. succulents. They are commonly known as “Hen and Chicks” and come in a wide variety of colors. Scroll through the identification pages below and learn how to give your sempervivum the care they need to thrive.
Sempervivum Care Guide
Sempervivum come from cold, mountainous climates and are cold hardy down to USDA Zone 5 or about -20°F in the winter. A layer of snow in the winter will actually protect them.
Like most succulents, Sempervivum prefer a very gritty, mostly inorganicinorganic not consisting of or deriving from living matter soil mix. Their natural habitathabitat The natural home of a plant. is quite rocky, so be sure to add lots of inorganic material like pumice or chicken grit to your soil.
Sempervivum need full sunfull sun direct sunlight for at least 8 hours of the day to bright shade. However, they do not tolerate much heat as they are naturally alpine plants that grow in mountainous regions at high elevations and will need protection from the sun whenever the temperature goes above 85°F.
Read more: Succulent Light Guide
Water Sempervivum as you would most other succulents with the ‘Drench and Dry’ method, letting the soil dry out in between waterings. Water less in the winter and more in the summer.
Since Sempervivum come from such rocky, mountainous regions, their soil is pretty nutrient poor so you don’t really need to fertilize them at all. If you do, choose a fertilizer low in nitrogen and fertilize in the spring to encourage more growth.
Sempervivum can be propagated by dividing the clumps, planting offsets and grown by seed. They do not propagatepropagate breed specimens of a plant by natural processes from the parent stock like taking stem cuttings, leaf cuttings or seeds by their leaves.
Read more: The Ultimate Propagation Guide
Sempervivum can become victim to mealy bugs, but the biggest problem I see with them is crown rot from overwatering.
Sempervivum do not do well as indoor plants. They need much more light than the sunniest window can provide. Strong grow lights may help.
Sempervivum are not toxic plants.
See more about which succulents are toxic here.
Sempervivum are usually tightly packed rosettes. Leaf texture ranges from glossy to something that resembles cobwebs. Their leaf edges typically have small hairs called cilia which give it a rough texture.
The word Sempervivum translates to always/forever alive.
Yes, all Sempervivum are monocarpic succulents meaning they will only bloom once and die after that. Before they die, they usually produce many pups/offsets though. Blooming usually occurs late in the summer. It will look like your Sempervivum is growing tall at first, but it is actually in bloom.