Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ is a small, compact succulent that features leaves with white stripes resembling zebra stripes. It is a slow-growing plant that reaches a maximum height of 6 inches and a width of 8 inches. The leaves grow in a rosette pattern and have a thick, fleshy texture. The leaves are green but turn red in bright sunlight. The plant produces small white flowers on long, thin stems.
|Common Name||Zebra Plant|
|Latin Name||Haworthia fasciata|
|Native Habitat||South Africa|
Native Habitat and Adaptations
The Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ is native to South Africa, where it grows in rocky areas and rocky outcrops. It thrives in well-draining soil and can withstand drought conditions.
The distinctive white stripes on the leaves of this succulent are adaptations to help it thrive in its shady native habitat. The stripes are made of wax that reflects light, helping the plant absorb more of the limited available light. This adaptation helps Haworthia fasciata handle lower light conditions, making it well suited as a houseplant.
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How to Water & Fertilize
To water the Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’, wait until the soil is completely dry before watering. Water thoroughly and allow the excess water to drain away. Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot. Fertilize the plant during the growing season, from spring to fall, with a balanced fertilizer diluted to half strength.
Soil and Repotting
Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ requires well-draining soil. Use a mixture of potting soil, perlite, coarse sand, and turface to create a well-draining soil mix. The plant also benefits from soil amendments such as crushed granite, which helps with drainage.
Repotting can be stressful for this succulent, so only repot when necessary. When repotting, choose a pot only one size up and handle the plant gently to avoid damage. Fill the pot with fresh, well-draining succulent potting mix. After repotting, avoid fertilizing for a month or so, and be attentive to watering to reduce stress on the plant. With care, it will recover and resume healthy growth in its new pot.
Why is my Zebra succulent turning brown?
Here are some common reasons why a Zebra succulent may turn brown:
- Sunburn – If exposed to too much direct sunlight, the leaves can scorch and turn brown. Zebra plants need bright indirect light. Move to a shadier spot.
- Overwatering – Too much moisture can cause root rot and make the leaves go brown and wilt. Check that the soil is well-draining and allow to dry out between waterings.
- Underwatering – Lack of water also causes leaves to brown and dry out. Water thoroughly when the soil is partly dry.
- Low temperatures – Cold drafts or temps below 50°F can damage the leaves. Move to a warmer spot.
- Old leaves – Lower leaves naturally yellow and drop off over time. Remove the aging leaves promptly.
- Pests – Spider mites, mealybugs and other pests can all feed on and damage leaves. Treat any infestations.
- Mineral buildup – Hard tap water or too much fertilizer causes salts to accumulate and burn leaf tips. Flush soil to remove excess minerals.
- Transplant stress – Repotting or moving locations can shock the plant. Allow time to recover and avoid other stresses.
Checking the plant care and environment and making adjustments to fix any issues will usually resolve Zebra plant leaf browning.
How to Propagate Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’
Although Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ grows relatively slowly, it will eventually produce offsets that can be used for propagation. Once the offsets are a few inches tall with roots of their own, they can be gently removed and planted. This allows the main plant to focus its energy on healthy growth, and the offsets can produce a new generation of this popular succulent.
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The Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ prefers bright, indirect sunlight. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves and cause them to turn brown.
‘Zebra Plant’ can handle low light conditions for short periods of time. This makes it a great indoor plant as it can thrive in areas with limited natural light. In fact, it can even tolerate fluorescent lighting which makes it a good choice for offices and other indoor settings.
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When placing ‘Zebra Plant’ in low light conditions, it’s important to ensure that it still receives some natural light. A bright window with a sheer curtain or a shaded outdoor area can provide enough light for the plant to grow properly. It’s also essential to avoid overwatering the plant when it’s in low light conditions as it can lead to root rot.
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While ‘Zebra Plant’ prefers bright, indirect sunlight, it can tolerate low light conditions for short periods of time making it a versatile and adaptable plant. With proper care, it can thrive in a variety of lighting conditions, making it an excellent choice for both indoor and outdoor settings.
Hardiness Zone & Temperature
Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ is hardy in USDA zones 9 to 11. It prefers temperatures between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit but can tolerate temperatures as low as 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
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Common Problems & Solutions
The most common problems with Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ are overwatering and root rot. To avoid these problems, allow the soil to dry completely between watering and avoid watering the plant from above. Additionally, the plant may develop mealybugs or spider mites. Treat these pests with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
Is it poisonous?
Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ is not poisonous to humans or pets.
Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ is a popular houseplant due to its unique appearance and ease of care. It is also commonly used in dish gardens and terrariums. The plant is also known by the name Haworthiopsis fasciata, and it is part of the Asphodelaceae family. Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ can live for many years with proper care. Some specimens have lived for 50-100 years or more when grown under ideal conditions. Its relatively slow growth and ability to store water in its thick leaves allow it to survive and thrive as a long-lived houseplant.
Is Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ monocarpic?
No, Haworthia fasciata ‘Zebra Plant is polycarpic and will bloom more than once in its lifetime.
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Can Haworthia Fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ be grown outdoors?
Haworthia Fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ is a succulent that can be grown outdoors in suitable growing conditions. However, it is important to note that this plant is native to South Africa and prefers warm, dry climates with well-draining soil. In areas with colder climates, it may be best to grow Haworthia Fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ indoors or in a greenhouse. When growing this plant outdoors, it should be placed in a location with partial shade to protect it from intense sunlight. It’s also important to ensure that the soil is well-draining to prevent the roots from sitting in water, which can lead to root rot.
How often should I water Haworthia Fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ when grown outdoors?
When grown outdoors, the watering needs of Haworthia Fasciata ‘Zebra Plant’ will vary depending on the climate and growing conditions. As a general rule, it’s important to allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings to prevent overwatering and root rot. In hot and dry climates, the plant may need to be watered more frequently, while in cooler and more humid conditions, it may require less frequent watering. A good way to determine when to water is to stick your finger into the soil and check for moisture. If the soil is dry to the touch, it’s time to water. It’s important to avoid getting water on the leaves, as this can lead to rot and other issues. Additionally, it’s a good idea to water in the morning or evening when the sun is less intense to prevent the water from evaporating too quickly.