Adromischus maculatus, commonly known as ‘Calico Hearts,’ is a unique and beautiful succulent that is prized by plant enthusiasts for its striking appearance and ease of care. In this comprehensive care guide, we will explore everything you need to know about this plant, from its appearance and growth habits to its care requirements and propagation methods. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced succulent lover, this guide will provide you with all the information you need to successfully cultivate and enjoy Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’.
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ is commonly referred to as ‘Calico Hearts’ or ‘Chocolate Drop’ due to the heart-shaped leaves with distinctive markings that resemble a calico pattern.
Appearance and Size
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ is a small succulent that forms compact rosettes of fleshy leaves. The leaves are thick, triangular, and have a heart-shaped base. They are green in color with dark brown to reddish-brown spots or markings, giving them a unique and eye-catching appearance. The rosettes can grow up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) in diameter.
Flower Color and Blooming
The flowers of Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ are small and tubular, typically appearing in clusters on long stalks. The flowers are usually white or pale pink in color and bloom in late winter or early spring. While the flowers are not the main attraction of this succulent, they add a delicate touch to the overall appearance of the plant.
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ Care Requirements
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ thrives in bright, indirect light. It is best to place the plant near a window where it can receive a few hours of direct sunlight in the morning or evening. However, be cautious of intense afternoon sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves. If growing indoors, provide the plant with bright, filtered light.
As a succulent, Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ has low water needs. It is important to allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings to prevent root rot. Water the plant thoroughly and then let the excess water drain away. During the growing season (spring and summer), water approximately once every two weeks. In the dormant season (fall and winter), reduce watering frequency to once every three to four weeks.
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ prefers well-draining soil to prevent waterlogged roots. A mix formulated for succulents and cacti, which consists of a combination of potting soil, perlite, and coarse sand, provides excellent drainage. You can also add some pumice or small rocks to further improve drainage.
Consider amending your soil with Bonsai Jack’s gritty mix to ensure your succulent soil drains quickly to prevent it from staying moist for too long. Source: Etsy
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ can tolerate a wide range of temperatures but prefers temperatures between 60°F (15°C) and 80°F (27°C). It is important to protect the plant from frost and extreme heat, as prolonged exposure to temperatures below 50°F (10°C) or above 90°F (32°C) can damage the plant.
USDA Hardiness Zone
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ is not frost-tolerant and is best grown outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. If you live in a colder climate, it is recommended to grow the plant indoors or provide it with frost protection during the winter months.
Succulent fertilizer available to purchase on Etsy.
To keep Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ healthy and promote growth, fertilize it sparingly during the growing season. A balanced, water-soluble fertilizer formulated for succulents or cacti is suitable. Dilute the fertilizer to half the recommended strength and apply it every four to six weeks. Avoid over-fertilizing, as it can lead to root burn and damage the plant.
When you’re rooting or transplanting your succulents and cacti, use SUPERthrive to help reduce the chance of transplant shock and grow a strong root system.
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ does not require frequent repotting and can thrive in a slightly crowded container. Repot the plant only when it outgrows its current pot or when the soil becomes depleted and loses its ability to drain properly. Spring is the best time to repot the plant, using a slightly larger container with fresh succulent potting mix.
The easiest way to propagate Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ is through leaf or stem cuttings. Select a healthy leaf or stem and allow it to dry for a few days to form a callus. Once calloused, place the cutting in well-draining soil and mist the soil lightly. Keep the soil slightly moist until new roots and leaves start to form, which usually takes a few weeks. Afterward, treat the new plant asyou would the mature plant.
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ Common Pests and Problems
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ is generally a hardy and disease-resistant plant. However, it can occasionally be susceptible to common succulent pests such as mealybugs and spider mites. Regularly inspect the plant for any signs of pests, such as white cottony clusters or webbing, and treat them promptly with insecticidal soap or a neem oil solution.
Fix the pest problem on your succulents and cacti with these popular insecticides.
Overwatering and poor drainage can lead to root rot and other fungal diseases. To prevent these issues, ensure that the plant is not sitting in water and that the soil dries out completely between waterings.
Tips for Success with Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’
- Provide Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ with bright, indirect light to maintain its vibrant colors.
- Be cautious of intense sunlight, as it can scorch the leaves.
- Water the plant sparingly and allow the soil to dry out completely between waterings.
- Use a well-draining soil mix formulated for succulents and cacti.
- Protect the plant from frost and extreme temperatures.
- Fertilize sparingly during the growing season with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer.
- Propagate the plant through leaf or stem cuttings for easy propagation.
- Regularly inspect the plant for pests and treat them promptly.
Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ is a stunning succulent with unique heart-shaped leaves and striking markings. With proper care and attention to its specific needs, this plant can thrive and bring beauty to any indoor or outdoor succulent collection. Remember to provide it with bright, indirect light, water sparingly, use well-draining soil, and protect it from extreme temperatures. By following these guidelines and practicing regular care, you can enjoy the beauty of Adromischus maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’ for years to come.